A taxonomy of creative tourists in creative tourism

Siow Kian Tan, Ding Bang Luh, Shiann Far Kung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims to characterize creative tourists and their perceptions of creative experiences at tourism sites. Creative tourists are active co-creators of their experiences; hence, they should be treated as a heterogeneous group of co-producers who have subjective opinions and feelings toward their creative experiences. The existing literature suggests that a creative experience is constructed by 'inner reflections', which include not only 'consciousness/awareness', 'needs/motivations' and 'creativity', but also 'outer interactions' which refer to 'environment', 'people' and 'activity' (Tan, Kung, & Luh, 2013). However, how a particular mix of factors interact and define an individual's perceptions of a creative experience may vary among different types of creative tourists. Q methodology was used to reveal the tourists' inherent subjectivity of creative experiences with regard to the constructions of personal meaning. Five distinct groups of creative tourists were identified: novelty-seekers, knowledge and skills learners, those who are aware of their travel partners' growth, those who are aware of green issues, and the relax and leisure type. Each consists of a different composition of factors which can provide new insights into how different creative tourists construct their personal creative experiences at these sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-259
Number of pages12
JournalTourism Management
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Development
  • Transportation
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Strategy and Management


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