A thermal transport study of branched carbon nanotubes with cross and T‐junctions

Wei Jen Chen, I. Ling Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigated the thermal transport behaviors of branched carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with cross and T‐junctions through non‐equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simula-tions. A hot region was created at the end of one branch, whereas cold regions were created at the ends of all other branches. The effects on thermal flow due to branch length, topological defects at junctions, and temperature were studied. The NEMD simulations at room temperature indicated that heat transfer tended to move sideways rather than straight in branched CNTs with cross‐junc-tions, despite all branches being identical in chirality and length. However, straight heat transfer was preferred in branched CNTs with T‐junctions, irrespective of the atomic configuration of the junction. As branches became longer, the heat current inside approached the values obtained through conventional prediction based on diffusive thermal transport. Moreover, directional thermal transport behaviors became prominent at a low temperature (50 K), which implied that ballistic phonon transport contributed greatly to directional thermal transport. Finally, the collective atomic velocity cross‐correlation spectra between branches were used to analyze phonon transport mechanisms for different junctions. Our findings deeply elucidate the thermal transport mechanisms of branched CNTs, which aid in thermal management applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5933
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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