A three-dimensional frictional stress analysis of double-shear bolted wood joints

Shen-Haw Ju, Robert E. Rowlands

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The three-dimensional stresses in bolted wood connections are evaluated and the results compared with those from two-dimensional analyses. Elastic bolts, bolt/hole clearance, and geometric variations are accounted for, as are the effects of side members. While the two- and three-dimensional results agree reasonably well with each other for relatively short bolts (thin members), contact stresses become extremely large and highly three-dimensional for proportionally longer bolts (thick members) and/or with decreased friction. Under such conditions, plane-stress assumptions are inadequate. Ability to include friction is facilitated by using special contact elements that have a symmetrical stiffness matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-563
Number of pages14
JournalWood and Fiber Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Plant Science
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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