A two-particle approach for dry high density-ratio granular collapse

Olalekan Rufai, Yee Chung Jin, Y. C. Tai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We report on the role of density ratio for granular column collapse experimentally and numerically by demonstrating the fundamental changes using a two-particle approach. The influence of the density ratio for the different profile arrangements on the velocity distribution, interface, and energy transition is described using the Moving Particle Semi-Implicit method (MPS). A constitutive equation utilizing the granular material strength is formulated using the elasto-viscoplastic model under the μ(I) rheology framework by replacing the frictional coefficient with the internal friction angle. The dense state of the granular materials results in a linear relationship between the length scale and inertia constant, which makes the shear strength the driving parameter. Experimental data are compared with numerical simulation for granular collapse with varying density profile configurations to validate the method. We found that the density ratio does not influence the velocity and free surface profile. The interface is maintained similarly to a single-phased granular flow except for erosive configurations where a penetrating regime is evident. The rate at which the granular kinetic energy transforms to the potential energy when the lower density material is on top and at the left of the higher granular materials is similar compared to other profile arrangements. The results demonstrated that the density ratio for different profile arrangements could significantly influence the deformation of the granular materials depending on the particle arrangements. The numerical investigation for the granular column collapse agrees well with experimental studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118101
JournalPowder Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering


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