A water-immersible 2-Axis scanning mirror microsystem for ultrasound and photoacoustic microscopic imaging applications

Chih-Hsien Huang, Junjie Yao, Lihong V. Wang, Jun Zou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

For both ultrasound and photoacoustic microscopic imaging, a fast scanning ability is required, whereas the liquid environment for acoustic propagation limits the usage of traditional MEMS scanning mirrors. In this paper, a new waterimmersible scanning mirror microsystem has been designed, fabricated and tested. To achieve reliable underwater scanning, flexible polymer torsion hinges fabricated by laser micromachining were used to support the reflective silicon mirror plate. Two efficient electromagnetic microactuators consisting of compact RF choke inductors and high-strength neodymium magnet disc were constructed to drive the silicon mirror plate around a fast axis and a slow axis, respectively. The performance of the water-immersible scanning mirror microsystem in both air and water were tested using the laser tracing method. For the fast axis, the resonance frequency reached 224 Hz in air and 164 Hz in water, respectively. The scanning angles in air and water under ±10 V AC driving (at the resonance frequencies) were ±13.6° and ±10°. The scanning angles in both air and water under ±16 V DC driving were ±12°. For the slow axis, the resonance frequency reached 55 Hz in air and 38 Hz in water, respectively. The scanning angles in air and water under ±10 V AC driving (at the resonance frequencies) were ±8.5° and ±6°. The scanning angles in both air and water under ±10 V DC driving were ± 6.5°. The feasibility of using such a water-immersible scanning mirror microsystem for scanning ultrasound microscopic (SAM) imaging has been demonstrated with a 25-MHz ultrasound pulse/echo system and a target consisting of three optical fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 12
EventMOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: 2013 Feb 42013 Feb 6

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume8616
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherMOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period13-02-0413-02-06

Fingerprint

Photoacoustic Imaging
Microsystems
Photoacoustic effect
Ultrasound
Scanning
Mirror
Mirrors
Ultrasonics
mirrors
Water
Imaging techniques
scanning
water
Resonance Frequency
air
Air
Angle
Silicon
alternating current
direct current

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Huang, C-H., Yao, J., Wang, L. V., & Zou, J. (2013). A water-immersible 2-Axis scanning mirror microsystem for ultrasound and photoacoustic microscopic imaging applications. In MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII [861607] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 8616). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2003087
Huang, Chih-Hsien ; Yao, Junjie ; Wang, Lihong V. ; Zou, Jun. / A water-immersible 2-Axis scanning mirror microsystem for ultrasound and photoacoustic microscopic imaging applications. MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII. 2013. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
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abstract = "For both ultrasound and photoacoustic microscopic imaging, a fast scanning ability is required, whereas the liquid environment for acoustic propagation limits the usage of traditional MEMS scanning mirrors. In this paper, a new waterimmersible scanning mirror microsystem has been designed, fabricated and tested. To achieve reliable underwater scanning, flexible polymer torsion hinges fabricated by laser micromachining were used to support the reflective silicon mirror plate. Two efficient electromagnetic microactuators consisting of compact RF choke inductors and high-strength neodymium magnet disc were constructed to drive the silicon mirror plate around a fast axis and a slow axis, respectively. The performance of the water-immersible scanning mirror microsystem in both air and water were tested using the laser tracing method. For the fast axis, the resonance frequency reached 224 Hz in air and 164 Hz in water, respectively. The scanning angles in air and water under ±10 V AC driving (at the resonance frequencies) were ±13.6° and ±10°. The scanning angles in both air and water under ±16 V DC driving were ±12°. For the slow axis, the resonance frequency reached 55 Hz in air and 38 Hz in water, respectively. The scanning angles in air and water under ±10 V AC driving (at the resonance frequencies) were ±8.5° and ±6°. The scanning angles in both air and water under ±10 V DC driving were ± 6.5°. The feasibility of using such a water-immersible scanning mirror microsystem for scanning ultrasound microscopic (SAM) imaging has been demonstrated with a 25-MHz ultrasound pulse/echo system and a target consisting of three optical fibers.",
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Huang, C-H, Yao, J, Wang, LV & Zou, J 2013, A water-immersible 2-Axis scanning mirror microsystem for ultrasound and photoacoustic microscopic imaging applications. in MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII., 861607, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 8616, MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII, San Francisco, CA, United States, 13-02-04. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2003087

A water-immersible 2-Axis scanning mirror microsystem for ultrasound and photoacoustic microscopic imaging applications. / Huang, Chih-Hsien; Yao, Junjie; Wang, Lihong V.; Zou, Jun.

MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII. 2013. 861607 (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 8616).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Huang C-H, Yao J, Wang LV, Zou J. A water-immersible 2-Axis scanning mirror microsystem for ultrasound and photoacoustic microscopic imaging applications. In MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII. 2013. 861607. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2003087