A Wearable Assistive Listening Device with Immersive Function Using Sensors Fusion Method for the 3-D Space Perception

Yi Chun Du, Hsiang Chien Yu, Wei Siang Ciou, Yi Lu Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


According to related researches, the reasons to users unwilling to wear assistive listening devices (ALDs) is the risk of unable to determine the position of sound. In addition, the ALD proposed in this study can perform 360° scan and determine the position. However, it cannot determine the vertical position of the target, resulting in fluctuating volume. Therefore, this study proposes a new sensors fusion method for space perception by the space perception module on ALD that combines computer vision (CV) technology, dual-layer differential microphone arrays (d-DMA) algorithm, time difference of arrival (TDOA), and mixing algorithm. It is primarily designed for patients with mild-To-moderate hearing loss, and the prototype has been developed. This device enhances the target speech (TS) and adjusts the volume output of dual-channels to achieve an immersive auditory experience through the mixing algorithm. This helps mitigate the risk by the inability to determine the position of sound. Furthermore, this study addresses the issue of fluctuating volume by the d-DMA. Based on the results, the proposed device achieves an image accuracy rate over 94% at a normal conversation distance (<160 cm), with 30° of sound reception range. In addition, the stability of volume output is improved by 60% compared with commercial ALD. Clinical results demonstrate that the device enhances the speech recognition threshold (SRT) by 5.5 dB in quiet environments and 5.8 dB in noisy environments. Finally, participants' satisfaction with the device in both the environments indicates the potential of this device for future commercialization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2108-2117
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Jan 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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