Background: We intended to clarify the effect of gender and A118G polymorphism of Opioid Receptor μ1 (OPRM1) on the required morphine for patients to maintain Visual Analogue Scale ≦ 3 for post-operative pain control after total knee replacement (TKR). Methods: With approval from Institutional Review Board (IRB) and obtainment of informed consents, 111 patients undergoing primary TKR were enrolled without violating the exclusion criteria, including previous history of allergy to morphine, alcohol or substance abuse, use of psychotropic medications, morbid obesity of body mass index (BMI) > 40 kg/m2, chronic pain with evidence of central sensitization, and uncooperative use of patient controlled analgesia (PCA) device. The amount of PCA-delivered morphine for pain control and the ‘demand’ (the count of button pushing for requiring pain medication from PCA) were recorded at 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 72 h after the operation. One-way ANOVA with post-hoc test by Scheffe's method was adopted for statistical analysis of each variant (AA, AG, GG). The side-effects (nausea, vomiting and sedation) from morphine were recorded. P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: With sequencing by ABI PRISM 310 Genetic Analyser, we disclosed that the allele frequency was 75.5% for the A allele (female: 77.5%, male: 69.6%) and 24.5% for the G allele (female: 22.5%, male: 30.4%). The frequency of genotype occurrence was 61.3% for AA, 24.3% for AG and 14.4% for GG. Female patients of homozygous G118G of OPRMI required more morphine from PCA device for post-operative pain control than patients of AA and AG genotypes. No significant difference in morphine consumption for post-operative pain control was disclosed among three genotypes for male patients. Conclusions: The impact caused by G118G polymorphism of OPRM1 on requirement of morphine consumption for post-operative pain control is potentially gender-linked.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine