Abdominal pain is a main manifestation of delayed bleeding after splenic injury in patients receiving non-operative management

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Abstract

Delayed bleeding is a major issue in patients with high-grade splenic injuries who receive non-operative management (NOM). While only few studies addressed the clinical manifestations of delayed bleeding in these patients. We reviewed the patients with high-grade splenic injuries presented with delayed bleeding, defined as the need for salvage procedures following NOM. There were 138 patients received NOM in study period. Fourteen of 107 patients in the SAE group and 3 of 31 patients in the non-embolization group had delayed bleeding. Among the 17 delayed bleeding episodes, 6 and 11 patients were salvaged by splenectomy and SAE, respectively. Ten (58.9%, 10/17) patients experienced bleeding episodes in the intensive care unit (ICU), whereas seven (41.1%, 7/17) experienced those in the ward or at home. The clinical manifestations of delayed bleeding were a decline in haemoglobin levels (47.1%, 8/17), hypotension (35.3%, 6/17), tachycardia (47.1%, 8/17), new abdominal pain (29.4%, 5/17), and worsening abdominal pain (17.6%, 3/17). For the bleeding episodes detected in the ICU, a decline in haemoglobin (60%, 6/10) was the main manifestation. New abdominal pain (71.43%, 5/7) was the main presentation when the patients left the ICU. In conclusion, abdominal pain was the main early clinical presentation of delayed bleeding following discharge from the ICU or hospital.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19871
JournalScientific reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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