Ability of an alkali-tolerant mutant strain of the microalga Chlorella sp. AT1 to capture carbon dioxide for increasing carbon dioxide utilization efficiency

Chiu Mei Kuo, Tsung Hsien Lin, Yi Chun Yang, Wen Xin Zhang, Jinn Tsyy Lai, Hsi Tien Wu, Jo Shu Chang, Chih Sheng Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An alkali-tolerant Chlorella sp. AT1 mutant strain was screened by NTG mutagenesis. The strain grew well in pH 6–11 media, and the optimal pH for growth was 10. The CO2 utilization efficiencies of Chlorella sp. AT1 cultured with intermittent 10% CO2 aeration for 10, 20 and 30 min at 3-h intervals were approximately 80, 42 and 30%, respectively. In alkaline medium (pH = 11) with intermittent 10% CO2 aeration for 30 min at 3-, 6- and 12-h intervals, the medium pH gradually changed to 10, and the biomass productivities of Chlorella sp. AT1 were 0.987, 0.848 and 0.710 g L−1 d−1, respectively. When Chlorella sp. AT1 was aerated with 10% CO2 intermittently for 30 min at 3-h intervals in semi-continuous cultivation for 21 days, the biomass concentration and biomass productivity were 4.35 g L−1 and 0.726 g L−1 d−1, respectively. Our results show that CO2 utilization efficiency can be markedly increased by intermittent CO2 aeration and alkaline media as a CO2-capturing strategy for alkali-tolerant microalga cultivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-251
Number of pages9
JournalBioresource technology
Volume244
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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microalga
Alkalies
Carbon Dioxide
aeration
Carbon dioxide
Biomass
carbon dioxide
biomass
Productivity
productivity
Mutagenesis
mutant

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Kuo, Chiu Mei ; Lin, Tsung Hsien ; Yang, Yi Chun ; Zhang, Wen Xin ; Lai, Jinn Tsyy ; Wu, Hsi Tien ; Chang, Jo Shu ; Lin, Chih Sheng. / Ability of an alkali-tolerant mutant strain of the microalga Chlorella sp. AT1 to capture carbon dioxide for increasing carbon dioxide utilization efficiency. In: Bioresource technology. 2017 ; Vol. 244. pp. 243-251.
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abstract = "An alkali-tolerant Chlorella sp. AT1 mutant strain was screened by NTG mutagenesis. The strain grew well in pH 6–11 media, and the optimal pH for growth was 10. The CO2 utilization efficiencies of Chlorella sp. AT1 cultured with intermittent 10{\%} CO2 aeration for 10, 20 and 30 min at 3-h intervals were approximately 80, 42 and 30{\%}, respectively. In alkaline medium (pH = 11) with intermittent 10{\%} CO2 aeration for 30 min at 3-, 6- and 12-h intervals, the medium pH gradually changed to 10, and the biomass productivities of Chlorella sp. AT1 were 0.987, 0.848 and 0.710 g L−1 d−1, respectively. When Chlorella sp. AT1 was aerated with 10{\%} CO2 intermittently for 30 min at 3-h intervals in semi-continuous cultivation for 21 days, the biomass concentration and biomass productivity were 4.35 g L−1 and 0.726 g L−1 d−1, respectively. Our results show that CO2 utilization efficiency can be markedly increased by intermittent CO2 aeration and alkaline media as a CO2-capturing strategy for alkali-tolerant microalga cultivation.",
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Ability of an alkali-tolerant mutant strain of the microalga Chlorella sp. AT1 to capture carbon dioxide for increasing carbon dioxide utilization efficiency. / Kuo, Chiu Mei; Lin, Tsung Hsien; Yang, Yi Chun; Zhang, Wen Xin; Lai, Jinn Tsyy; Wu, Hsi Tien; Chang, Jo Shu; Lin, Chih Sheng.

In: Bioresource technology, Vol. 244, 01.01.2017, p. 243-251.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Ability of an alkali-tolerant mutant strain of the microalga Chlorella sp. AT1 to capture carbon dioxide for increasing carbon dioxide utilization efficiency

AU - Kuo, Chiu Mei

AU - Lin, Tsung Hsien

AU - Yang, Yi Chun

AU - Zhang, Wen Xin

AU - Lai, Jinn Tsyy

AU - Wu, Hsi Tien

AU - Chang, Jo Shu

AU - Lin, Chih Sheng

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - An alkali-tolerant Chlorella sp. AT1 mutant strain was screened by NTG mutagenesis. The strain grew well in pH 6–11 media, and the optimal pH for growth was 10. The CO2 utilization efficiencies of Chlorella sp. AT1 cultured with intermittent 10% CO2 aeration for 10, 20 and 30 min at 3-h intervals were approximately 80, 42 and 30%, respectively. In alkaline medium (pH = 11) with intermittent 10% CO2 aeration for 30 min at 3-, 6- and 12-h intervals, the medium pH gradually changed to 10, and the biomass productivities of Chlorella sp. AT1 were 0.987, 0.848 and 0.710 g L−1 d−1, respectively. When Chlorella sp. AT1 was aerated with 10% CO2 intermittently for 30 min at 3-h intervals in semi-continuous cultivation for 21 days, the biomass concentration and biomass productivity were 4.35 g L−1 and 0.726 g L−1 d−1, respectively. Our results show that CO2 utilization efficiency can be markedly increased by intermittent CO2 aeration and alkaline media as a CO2-capturing strategy for alkali-tolerant microalga cultivation.

AB - An alkali-tolerant Chlorella sp. AT1 mutant strain was screened by NTG mutagenesis. The strain grew well in pH 6–11 media, and the optimal pH for growth was 10. The CO2 utilization efficiencies of Chlorella sp. AT1 cultured with intermittent 10% CO2 aeration for 10, 20 and 30 min at 3-h intervals were approximately 80, 42 and 30%, respectively. In alkaline medium (pH = 11) with intermittent 10% CO2 aeration for 30 min at 3-, 6- and 12-h intervals, the medium pH gradually changed to 10, and the biomass productivities of Chlorella sp. AT1 were 0.987, 0.848 and 0.710 g L−1 d−1, respectively. When Chlorella sp. AT1 was aerated with 10% CO2 intermittently for 30 min at 3-h intervals in semi-continuous cultivation for 21 days, the biomass concentration and biomass productivity were 4.35 g L−1 and 0.726 g L−1 d−1, respectively. Our results show that CO2 utilization efficiency can be markedly increased by intermittent CO2 aeration and alkaline media as a CO2-capturing strategy for alkali-tolerant microalga cultivation.

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