Acoustic travel time gauges for in-situ determination of pressure and temperature in multi-anvil apparatus

Xuebing Wang, Ting Chen, Xintong Qi, Yongtao Zou, Jennifer Kung, Tony Yu, Yanbin Wang, Robert C. Liebermann, Baosheng Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we developed a new method for in-situ pressure determination in multi-anvil, high-pressure apparatus using an acoustic travel time approach within the framework of acoustoelasticity. The ultrasonic travel times of polycrystalline Al2O3 were calibrated against NaCl pressure scale up to 15GPa and 900°C in a Kawai-type double-stage multi-anvil apparatus in conjunction with synchrotron X-radiation, thereby providing a convenient and reliable gauge for pressure determination at ambient and high temperatures. The pressures derived from this new travel time method are in excellent agreement with those from the fixed-point methods. Application of this new pressure gauge in an offline experiment revealed a remarkable agreement of the densities of coesite with those from the previous single crystal compression studies under hydrostatic conditions, thus providing strong validation for the current travel time pressure scale. The travel time approach not only can be used for continuous in-situ pressure determination at room temperature, high temperatures, during compression and decompression, but also bears a unique capability that none of the previous scales can deliver, i.e., simultaneous pressure and temperature determination with a high accuracy (±0.16GPa in pressure and ±17°C in temperature). Therefore, the new in-situ Al2O3 pressure gauge is expected to enable new and expanded opportunities for offline laboratory studies of solid and liquid materials under high pressure and high temperature in multi-anvil apparatus.

Original languageEnglish
Article number065901
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Acoustic travel time gauges for in-situ determination of pressure and temperature in multi-anvil apparatus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this