Air pollution has become an extremely serious problem, with particulate matter having a significantly greater impact on human health than other contaminants. The small diameter of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) allows it to penetrate deep into the alveoli as far as the bronchioles, interfering with a gas exchange within the lungs. Long-term exposure to particulate matter has been shown to cause the cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, and increase the risk of lung cancers. Therefore, forecasting air quality has also become important to help guide individual actions. This paper aims to forecast air quality for up to 48 h using a combination of multiple neural networks, including an artificial neural network, a convolutional neural network, and a long-short-term memory to extract spatial-temporal relations. The proposed predictive model considers various meteorology data from the previous few hours as well as information related to the elevation space to extract terrain impact on air quality. The model includes trends from multiple locations, extracted from correlations between adjacent locations, and among similar locations in the temporal domain. Experiments employing Taiwan and Beijing data sets show that the proposed model achieves excellent performance and outperforms current state-of-the-art methods.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)
- Materials Science(all)