Adaptive feature extractions in an EEG-based alertness estimation system

Chin Teng Lin, Wen Hung Chao, Yu Chieh Chen, Sheng Fu Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


During the past years, the public security has become an important issue, especially, the safe manipulation and control of various vehicles. Maintaining high cognition is particularly important for the drivers behind the steering wheel. It requires an optimal estimation system to online continuously detect drivers' cognitive state related to abilities in perception, recognition, and vehicle control. In this paper, we proposed an EEG-based alertness estimation system with automatic feature selection mechanism. The independent component analysis (ICA) is used first to decompose the measured electroencephalogram (EEG). Then, a time-frequency analysis is performed to evaluate the time-frequency characteristic of each ICA component. We also proposed a new adaptive feature extracting mechanism for selections of frequency bands and ICA components. Different ranges of the alpha rhythm of subjects can be evaluated by the adaptive feature extracting mechanism according to the correlation coefficient between the ICA time-frequency response and the driving performance. The extracted features are then trained both by linear regression model and Self-cOnstructing Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Network (SONFIN) for the estimation of driving performance. The training and testing results of SONFIN are 96% and 91%, while the results of linear regression model are 90% and 85%, respectively. It demonstrates that the proposed adaptive feature extracting mechanism can achieve a great performance in alertness estimation with frequency band and component selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2096-2101
Number of pages6
JournalConference Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1
EventIEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society, Proceedings - 2005 International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics - Waikoloa, HI, United States
Duration: 2005 Oct 102005 Oct 12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)


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