Adaptive multipath mitigation in urban GNSS positioning

I. Wen Chu, Jyh Ching Juang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper investigates the use of dual-polarization antenna for the mitigation of multipath effect in urban environment. The goal is to not only distinguish and exclude multipath components but also exploit the potential benefit in fusing direct LOS and multipath components for the determination of enhanced PVT solution. More precisely, a two-channel model is developed to characterize the received signals at RHCP- sensitive and LHCP-sensitive outputs from direct LOS and multipath inputs. A system identification approach is employed to determine the coefficients associated with the model. An adaptive filter is then used to account for the multipath components. Consequently, the contribution of the multipath component can be accounted and indeed effectively used in the position/time determination stage. To demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed approach, results from two experiments are presented. Open-sky experiment is first performed to analyze the antenna property and characteristics of the two distinct polarization outputs. The proposed method is then implemented in a software receiver and tested in an urban environment with strong probability of multipath interference. In the test, an unmodified receiver is subject to multipath induced positioning errors. In contrast, through the use of the proposed approach, the positioning results are significantly improved as the multipath components are accommodated. The feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method in mitigating the multipath effect in urban environment is thus demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2014
PublisherInstitute of Navigation
Pages2713-2719
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781634399913
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Event27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2014 - Tampa, United States
Duration: 2014 Sep 82014 Sep 12

Publication series

Name27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2014
Volume3

Other

Other27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2014
CountryUnited States
CityTampa
Period14-09-0814-09-12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Software
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Chu, I. W., & Juang, J. C. (2014). Adaptive multipath mitigation in urban GNSS positioning. In 27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2014 (pp. 2713-2719). (27th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2014; Vol. 3). Institute of Navigation.