Addition of Na into CuInS2 thin film via co-evaporation

Wen Jen Tsai, Chia Hung Tsai, Chih Hui Chang, Jyh Ming Ting, Rui Ren Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


While most of studies focus on the addition of Na into CuInGaSe2 as well as CuInGaS2 thin films, this study examines the addition of Na into CuInS2 (CIS) thin films. Moreover, an alternative approach has been used to incorporate Na into CIS thin films. Two source evaporation (Cu and In) was first performed to obtain Cu-In layers with desired thicknesses. Three source evaporation (Cu, In, and NaF) then followed subsequently to produce Na-doped Cu-In precursor films having different Na concentrations. The precursor films were immediately sulfurized in the same evaporation chamber to form CIS thin films. The addition of Na was found to enhance (112) preferred orientation and reduce the grain size. Raman spectra show that the addition of Na does not alter the needed phase transformation from CuInS2-CuAu structure to CuInS2-chalcopyrite structure during the sulfurization. Blue shift of the CIS Raman CH mode occurs as a result. The doping of Na was also found to decrease the film resistivity or increase the hole concentration in the films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1712-1716
Number of pages5
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Addition of Na into CuInS<sub>2</sub> thin film via co-evaporation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this