Adequate preoperative biliary drainage is determinative to decrease postoperative infectious complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy

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Background and Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) by preoperative serum bilirubin level in patients with periampullary lesions receiving pancreaticoduodenectomy. Patients and Methods: Between Jan. 1995 to May 2005, 240 consecutive cases received pancreaticoduodenectomy at the National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Taiwan and were included retrospectively. Factors possibly affecting postoperative morbidity and mortality were analyzed. Results: One hundred and forty-three patients (59.6%) underwent preoperative biliary drainage (the PBD group) and 97 patients without drainage (the non-PBD group). The total postoperative morbidity rate was 49.6% and postoperative mortality was 2.9%. There was no difference in total postoperative morbidity and mortality between groups, but higher incidence of sepsis/ bacteremia in the PBD patients (p=0.03), and more cardiovascular events (p=0.05) in the non-PBD patients. More bile leakage developed in the non-PBD patients, but only with marginal significance (p=0.09). In the PBD group, patients with preoperative serum bilirubin level ≥ 5 mg/dL had higher likelihood to acquire an infectious complication, (OR: 2.70; CI: 1.21-6.04), and surgical site infectious (OR: 2.70; CI: 1.21-6.04), intraabdominal abscess (OR: 2.74; CI: 0.94-8.03), and wound infection (OR: 2.44; CI: 0.97-6.16). Conclusion: Preoperative biliary drainage increased postoperative infectious complications but it also decreased cardiovascular events. However, adequate preoperative biliary drainage is the key to decrease infectious complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)698-705
Number of pages8
Issue number101
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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