Adiabatic anionic polymerization of caprolactam in the presence of N‐acylated caprolactam macroactivator: Kinetic study

Jen‐Long ‐L Yeh, Jen‐Feng ‐F Kuo, Chuh-Yung Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, bis ϵ‐caprolactam bis‐diphenyl methane diisocyanate polypropylene glycol 1000 used as the macroactivator was prepared and well characterized prior to use. The anionic polymerization of ϵ‐caprolactam with the macroactivator as a function of the macroactivator concentration was adiabatically carried out. The adiabatic temperature rise method as well as the macrokinetics were used for elucidation of the kinetics of the polymerization. A nonlinear regression technique was used for determining the parameters of the macrokinetic equation. The equilibrium conversion and equilibrium time obtained were 94–96% and 2–9 min depending on the macroactivator concentration. The effects of the concentrations of macroactivator and ϵ‐caprolactam on the initial rate, apparent overall reaction rate, and the empirical parameters were studied. A side reaction induced by the transfer of the proton in the isocyanurate group of the macroactivator to caprolactam anion was found. According to this finding, a new reaction kinetic model was proposed by properly modifying the macrokinetic equation. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1671-1681
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume50
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Caprolactam
Anionic polymerization
Glycols
Reaction kinetics
Reaction rates
Polypropylenes
Protons
Methane
Negative ions
Polymerization
Kinetics
Temperature
Anions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "In this study, bis ϵ‐caprolactam bis‐diphenyl methane diisocyanate polypropylene glycol 1000 used as the macroactivator was prepared and well characterized prior to use. The anionic polymerization of ϵ‐caprolactam with the macroactivator as a function of the macroactivator concentration was adiabatically carried out. The adiabatic temperature rise method as well as the macrokinetics were used for elucidation of the kinetics of the polymerization. A nonlinear regression technique was used for determining the parameters of the macrokinetic equation. The equilibrium conversion and equilibrium time obtained were 94–96{\%} and 2–9 min depending on the macroactivator concentration. The effects of the concentrations of macroactivator and ϵ‐caprolactam on the initial rate, apparent overall reaction rate, and the empirical parameters were studied. A side reaction induced by the transfer of the proton in the isocyanurate group of the macroactivator to caprolactam anion was found. According to this finding, a new reaction kinetic model was proposed by properly modifying the macrokinetic equation. {\circledC} 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.",
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Adiabatic anionic polymerization of caprolactam in the presence of N‐acylated caprolactam macroactivator : Kinetic study. / Yeh, Jen‐Long ‐L; Kuo, Jen‐Feng ‐F; Chen, Chuh-Yung.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 50, No. 10, 01.01.1993, p. 1671-1681.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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