It is found that the adiabatic regularized quantum stress-energy tensor for matter in any background spacetime can be obtained in the framework of stochastic quantization. As an illustration, we investigate the modes of a massive scalar field with arbitrary curvature coupling to the inhomogeneous conformally flat spacetime. The difficulty of the mode-mixing behavior arising from the spacetime inhomogeneity is overcome and a simple algorithm is presented to evaluate the adiabatic regularized quantum stress-energy tensor. The expressions so obtained are useful in formulating the semiclassical theory of gravity and in the numerical study of the back-reaction effects of quantized fields in inhomogeneous spacetimes, such as the problems of homogenization in the early universe and the evaporation of a quantum black hole. It can be seen that our prescriptions may be extended to investigate more realistic models with fermions and gauge fields. This will be studied in future papers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)