Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes markedly protected the brain against sepsis syndrome induced injury in rat

Chia Lo Chang, Hong Hwa Chen, Kuan Hung Chen, John Y. Chiang, Yi Chen Li, Hung Sheng Lin, Pei Hsun Sung, Hon Kan Yip

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study tested the hypothesis that sepsis syndrome [SS-induced by cecal-ligation and puncture (CLP)]-induced systemic inflammation and brain damage in rats were effectively suppressed by allogenic adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosome (AMSCEXO). SD rats (n = 72) were divided into group 1 [sham-control (SC)], group 2 (SS only) and group 3 (SS + AMSCEXO) and equally euthanized at 6/24/48/72 h after SS induction, respectively. By 6/16/24/72 h, flow cytometric analyses demonstrated the numbers of inflammatory cells (Ly6G+/CD11b/ c +), immune (CD3+/CD4+ cells/CD3+/CD8+ cells) and early (AN-V+/PI-)/late (AN-V+/PI+) apoptotic cells in circulation were significantly increased in group 2 than in groups 1 and 3, and significantly increased in group 3 than in group 1, whereas the number of T-reg+ cells was significantly progressively increased from groups 1 to 3 (all P < 0.0001). At 6/16/24/72 h, the numbers of (CD3+/CD4+ cells/CD3+/CD8+ cells/T-reg+ cells) in spleen exhibited an identical pattern of circulation among the three groups (all P < 0.0001). ELISA showed inflammatory mediators (IL-6/TNF-α) in circulating/cerebrospinal fluid at 6/24/72 h displayed an identical trend as the immune cells among the three groups (all P < 0.0001). Microscopic findings demonstrated that the cellular expressions of inflammatory (F4/80+//MMP-9+//CD14+//GFPA+) and brain-damaged (AQP4+/γ-H2AX+) biomarkers at 24/72 h exhibited an identical pattern of immune cells among the three groups (all P < 0.0001). The protein expressions of inflammatory (IL-1β/MMP-9/TNF-α/NF-κB/TLR2/TLR-4/MyD88/HMGB1), apoptotic (cleaved-caspase3/PARP/mitochondri-al-Bax) and oxidative-stress (NOX-1/NOX-2/oxidized protein) biomarkers displayed an identical pattern as the immune cells among the three groups (all P < 0.0001). In conclusion, SS elicited vigorously inflammatory reaction not only in circulation but also in spleen/brain, resulting in serious brain damage.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberAJTR0094885
Pages (from-to)3955-3971
Number of pages17
JournalAmerican Journal of Translational Research
Volume11
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cancer Research

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