A dipalmitoylphosphatic acid (DPPA) monolayer at the air/liquid interface is used as a binding layer to incorporate glucose oxidase (GOx) from the subphase. The effects of the adsorption time of GOx on the behavior of the mixed DPPA/GOx monolayer and the relevant structure of the mixed LB film were studied using the characteristics of the pressure-area (π-A) isotherm, Brewster angle microscopy (BAM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The experimental results show that two equilibrium states of GOx adsorption exist in the presence of a DPPA monolayer. The first equilibrium stage occurs at tens of minutes after spreading of DPPA, and a surface pressure of ca. 7.5 mN/m is obtained. The second equilibrium stage approaches slowly, and a higher equilibrium surface pressure (ca. 16 mN/m) was obtained at ca. 8 h after the first stage. The BAM and AFM images show that, after the second equilibrium stage is reached, a more condensed phase and rough morphology are obtained on the mixed DPPA/GOx monolayer, indicating a higher amount of GOx incorporated into the mixed film. For the first equilibrium stage of GOx adsorption, DPPA molecules can still pack regularly and closely under compression, suggesting that GOx molecules are mainly located beneath the DPPA monolayer at the compressed state. A more uniform phase was detected on a film prepared after the first equilibrium stage was reached. The present result indicates that distinct structures and properties of mixed DPPA/GOx films can be prepared from the various stages of GOx adsorption.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces