ADULT ectodermal dysplasia syndrome resulting from the missense mutation R298Q in the p63 gene

I. Chan, J. I. Harper, J. E. Mellerio, J. A. McGrath

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several ectodermal dysplasia syndromes have been shown to result from mutations in the gene that encodes the transcription factor p63. We describe an 11-year-old boy, with clinically normal parents, who had a developmental disorder that resembled EEC (ectrodactyly ectodermal dysplasia-clefting) syndrome (OMIM 604292). He had ectrodactyly and missing middle fingers bilaterally, onychodysplasia, hypodontia with missing teeth, hypohidrosis and lacrimal duct obstruction. DNA sequencing disclosed a heterozygous G → A substitution at nucleotide 893, that converts an arginine residue (CGA) to glutamine (CAA), the mutation being designated R298Q. This mutation occurs within the DNA-binding domain of p63, and is close to many of the published EEC syndrome mutations. However, R298Q has been described once previously in a large German pedigree, not with EEC syndrome, but another ectodermal dysplasia disorder, ADULT (acro-dermato-ungual-lacrimal-tooth) syndrome (OMIM 103285). Further clinical assessment in our patient revealed that, apart from not having cleft lip and/or palate, he had an exfoliative dermatitis of his hands and feet, and some freckling on his face and shoulders. Collectively, these features support a diagnosis of ADULT syndrome. This study has identified a specific genotype-phenotype correlation in a rare ectodermal dysplasia syndrome and the findings are useful in improving genetic counselling in this family.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-672
Number of pages4
JournalClinical and Experimental Dermatology
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

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