Advanced current collectors with carbon nanofoams for electrochemically stable lithium—sulfur cells

Shu Yu Chen, Sheng Heng Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An inexpensive sulfur cathode with the highest possible charge storage capacity is attractive for the design of lithium-ion batteries with a high energy density and low cost. To promote existing lithium–sulfur battery technologies in the current energy storage market, it is critical to increase the electrochemical stability of the conversion-type sulfur cathode. Here, we present the adoption of a carbon nanofoam as an advanced current collector for the lithium–sulfur battery cathode. The carbon nanofoam has a conductive and tortuous network, which improves the conductivity of the sulfur cathode and reduces the loss of active material. The carbon nanofoam cathode thus enables the development of a high-loading sulfur cathode (4.8 mg cm−2 ) with a high discharge capacity that approaches 500 mA·h g−1 at the C/10 rate and an excellent cycle stability that achieves 90% capacity retention over 100 cycles. After adopting such an optimal cathode configuration, we superficially coat the carbon nanofoam with graphene and molybdenum disulfide (MoS2 ) to amplify the fast charge transfer and strong polysulfide-trapping capabilities, respectively. The highest charge storage capacity realized by the graphene-coated carbon nanofoam is 672 mA·h g−1 at the C/10 rate. The MoS2-coated carbon nanofoam features high electrochemical utilization attaining the high discharge capacity of 633 mA·h g−1 at the C/10 rate and stable cyclability featuring a capacity retention approaching 90%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2083
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science

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