Advances and Opportunities in Nanoparticle- and Nanomaterial-Based Vaccines against Bacterial Infections

Leon Chien Wei Lin, Saborni Chattopadhyay, Jung Chen Lin, Che Ming Jack Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As the dawn of the postantibiotic era we approach, antibacterial vaccines are becoming increasingly important for managing bacterial infection and reducing the need for antibiotics. Despite the success of vaccination, vaccines remain unavailable for many pressing microbial diseases, including tuberculosis, chlamydia, and staphylococcus infections. Amid continuing research efforts in antibacterial vaccine development, the advancement of nanomaterial engineering has brought forth new opportunities in vaccine designs. With increasing knowledge in antibacterial immunity and immunologic adjuvants, innovative nanoparticles are designed to elicit the appropriate immune responses for effective antimicrobial defense. Rationally designed nanoparticles are demonstrated to overcome delivery barriers to shape the adaptive immunity. This article reviews the advances in nanoparticle- and nanomaterial-based antibacterial vaccines and summarizes the development of nanoparticulate adjuvants for immune potentiation against microbial pathogens. In addition, challenges and progress in ongoing antibacterial vaccine development are discussed to highlight the opportunities for future vaccine designs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1701395
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Volume7
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 11

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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