Advances in Algomics technology: Application in wastewater treatment and biofuel production

Mohammad Sibtain Kadri, Reeta Rani Singhania, Dibyajyoti Haldar, Anil Kumar Patel, Shashi Kant Bhatia, Ganesh Saratale, Binod Parameswaran, Jo Shu Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Advanced sustainable bioremediation is gaining importance with rising global pollution. This review examines microalgae's potential for sustainable bioremediation and process enhancement using multi-omics approaches. Recently, microalgae-bacterial consortia have emerged for synergistic nutrient removal, allowing complex metabolite exchanges. Advanced bioremediation requires effective consortium design or pure culture based on the treatment stage and specific roles. The strain potential must be screened using modern omics approaches aligning wastewater composition. The review highlights crucial research gaps in microalgal bioremediation. It discusses multi-omics advantages for understanding microalgal fitness concerning wastewater composition and facilitating the design of microalgal consortia based on bioremediation skills. Metagenomics enables strain identification, thereby monitoring microbial dynamics during the treatment process. Transcriptomics and metabolomics encourage the algal cell response toward nutrients and pollutants in wastewater. Multi-omics role is also summarized for product enhancement to make algal treatment sustainable and fit for sustainable development goals and growing circular bioeconomy scenario.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129636
JournalBioresource technology
Volume387
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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