Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus saprophyticus are the most common causes of urinary tract infections, with 80% of these infections caused by uropathogenic E. coli. Because the P fimbriae of E. coli have specificity toward Gal(α1-4)Galβ units, pigeon ovalbumin (POA), whose structure contains terminal Gal(α1-4)Galβ moieties, was used as a probe for interaction with P fimbriated E. coli. The functional affinity probes for these bacteria by immobilizing POA - a phosphoprotein - onto the surface of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) coated with alumina (Fe3O 4@Al2O3), using the phosphate units of POA as linking groups for the formation of phosphate-alumina complexes. The immobilization process occurred within 30 s when performing the reaction under microwave heating. The magnetic POA-Fe3O4@Al 2O3 NPs generated using this facile approach exhibited specificity toward P fimbriated E. coli. The bacteria targeted by the affinity probes were characterized by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. The detection limit toward uropathogenic bacteria when using this approach was ∼9.60 × 104 cfu/mL (0.5 mL).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry