We studied Akt inhibition using SC66 in a NOD-SCID xenograft mouse model and a panel of eight ovarian cancer cell lines. Elevated phospho-Akt levels in cancerous tissue were associated with short progression-free survival and overall survival. Cell sensitivity to SC66 was inversely correlated with phospho-Akt and COL11A1 expression levels, as well as resistance to cisplatin or paclitaxel. SC66 inhibited phosphorylation of Akt and its downstream effectors 4EBP1 and p70S6 kinase. SC66 also attenuated expression of TWIST1 and Mcl-1, factors important in cell invasiveness and anti-apoptosis, respectively. SC66-sensitized chemoresistant cells to cisplatin and paclitaxel treatment, and promoted apoptosis. In addition, SC66 inhibited COL11A1 expression via decreased binding of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (c/EBPβ), reducing chemoresistance and decreasing binding of nuclear transcription factor Y (NF-YA) to COL11A1. A mouse xenograft experiment demonstrated that SC66 treatment caused a reduction in tumor formation and enhanced the therapeutic efficacy of cisplatin. This study demonstrates the role of Akt in ovarian tumor progression and chemoresistance, and supports the application of SC66 as a therapy for ovarian cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology
- Cancer Research