Algorithm for planning a double-jaw orthognathic surgery using a computer-aided surgical simulation (CASS) protocol. Part 2: Three-dimensional cephalometry

J. J. Xia, J. Gateno, J. F. Teichgraeber, P. Yuan, J. Li, K. C. Chen, A. Jajoo, M. Nicol, D. M. Alfi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) cephalometry is not as simple as just adding a 'third' dimension to a traditional two-dimensional cephalometric analysis. There are more complex issues in 3D analysis. These include how reference frames are created, how size, position, orientation and shape are measured, and how symmetry is assessed. The main purpose of this article is to present the geometric principles of 3D cephalometry. In addition, the Gateno-Xia cephalometric analysis is presented; this is the first 3D cephalometric analysis to observe these principles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1441-1450
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume44
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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