Alkanethiolate self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of varied chain lengths were adsorbed upon Au-coated nerve microelectrodes and employed as protein-resistant spacers. The microelectrode spiraled as a cuff type can be used for restoring motor function via electrical stimulation on the peripheral nerve system; however, an increase of electrode impedance might occur during implantation. In this work, a thin-film SAMs treatment upon Au/polyimide (PI) surface of the microelectrode provided a hydrophobic characteristic, which retarded protein adsorption at the initial stage and subsequent pileup (or thickening) process. The protein-resistant effect exhibited comparable SAMs of different chain lengths adsorbed upon Au/PI surfaces. The increase of electrode impedance as a function of protein deposition time was mainly correlated with the addition of reactance that was associated with the pileup thickness of the deposited protein. Particularly, the SAMs-modified surface was capable to detach a significant portion of the accumulated protein from the protein-deposited SAMs/Au/PI, whereas the protein-deposited layers exhibited firm adhesion upon Au/PI surface. It is therefore very promising to apply thin-film SAMs adsorbed upon Au-coated surface for bioinvasive devices that have the need of functional electrical stimulations or sensing nerve signals during chronic implantation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces