All bipartite entangled states display some hidden nonlocality

Lluís Masanes, Yeong Cherng Liang, Andrew C. Doherty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Citations (Scopus)


One of the most significant and well-known properties of entangled states is that they may lead to violations of Bell inequalities and are thus inconsistent with any local-realistic theory. However, there are entangled states that cannot violate any Bell inequality, and in general the precise relationship between entanglement and observable nonlocality is not well understood. We demonstrate that a violation of the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality can be demonstrated in a certain kind of Bell experiment for all entangled states. Our proof of the result consists of two main steps. We first provide a simple characterization of the set of states that do not violate the CHSH inequality even after general local operations and classical communication. Second, we prove that for each entangled state , there exists another state not violating the CHSH inequality, such that violates the CHSH inequality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number090403
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 4

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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