Allow natural death versus do-not-resuscitate: Titles, information contents, outcomes, and the considerations related to do-not-resuscitate decision

Sheng Yu Fan, Ying Wei Wang, I. Mei Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: As the "do not resuscitate" (DNR) discussion involves communication, this study explored (1) the effects of a title that included "allow natural death", and of information contents and outcomes of the decision; and (2) the information needs and consideration of the DNR decision, and benefits and barriers of the DNR discussion. Methods: Healthy adults (n = 524) were presented with a scenario with different titles, information contents, and outcomes, and they rated the probability of a DNR decision. A questionnaire including information needs, consideration of the decision, and benefits and barriers of DNR discussion was also used. Results: There was a significantly higher probability of signing the DNR order when the title included "allow natural death" (t = - 4.51, p < 0.001), when comprehensive information was provided (F = 60.64, p < 0.001), and when there were worse outcomes (F = 292.16, p < 0.001). Common information needs included remaining life period and the prognosis. Common barriers were the families' worries and uncertainty about future physical changes. Conclusion: The title, information contents, and outcomes may influence the DNR decisions. Health-care providers should address the concept of natural death, provide comprehensive information, and help patients and families to overcome the barriers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114
JournalBMC Palliative Care
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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