Al2O3-passivated AlGaN/GaN HEMTs by using nonvacuum ultrasonic spray pyrolysis deposition technique

Bo Yi Chou, Han Yin Liu, Wei Chou Hsu, Ching Sung Lee, Yu Sheng Wu, Wen Ching Sun, Sung Yen Wei, Sheng Min Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


This letter reports, for the first time, the Al2O 3-passivated AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) by using the nonvacuum ultrasonic spray pyrolysis deposition (USPD) technique. The Al2O3 was devised as the surface passivation layer to effectively suppress leakage current and to reduce RF drain current collapse. The surface oxide has been characterized by using electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). With respect to an unpassivated device, the Al 2O3-passivated HEMT has demonstrated superior improvements of 24.2% in maximum drain-source current (IDS, max), 33.6% in maximum extrinsic transconductance (gmmax), 46.8% in two-terminal breakdown voltage (BVGD), and 45.3% in three-terminal off-state breakdown voltage (BVoff). The corresponding improvements achieved are 9.1%, 16.1%, 61.3%, and 55.7% for I DS,max) , gm ,max) , BV GD) , and BVoff) , respectively, as compared with passivation in Si3N4 HEMTs. Besides, reduced interface density (Dit) and about two-order decreases in the leakage current are also achieved in the Al2O3-MOS diode using USPD with respect to a Si3N4-MIS diode.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6853327
Pages (from-to)903-905
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Electron Device Letters
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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