Crystalline/crystalline blends of two polymorphic aryl-polyesters, poly(hexamethylene terephthalate) (PHT) and poly(heptamethylene terephthalate) (PHepT), were prepared and the crystallization kinetics, polymorphism behavior, spherulite morphology, and miscibility in this blend system were probed using polarized-light optical microscopy (POM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), temperature-resolved wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The PHT/PHepT blends of all compositions were proven to be miscible in the melt state or quenched amorphous glassy phase. Miscibility in PHT/PHepT blend leads to the retardation in the crystallization rate of PHT; however, that of PHepT increases, being attributed to the nucleation effects of PHT crystals which are produced before the growth of PHepT crystals. In the miscible blend of polymorphic PHT with polymorphic PHepT, the polymorphism states of both PHT and PHepT in the blend are influenced by the other component. The fraction of the thermodynamically stable β-crystal of PHT in the blend increases with increasing PHepT content when melt-crystallized at 100 °C. In addition, when blended with PHT, the crystal stability of PHepT is altered and leads to that the originally polymorphic PHepT exhibits only the β-crystal when melt-crystallized at all Tc's. Apart from the noted polymorphism behavior, miscibility in the blend also shows great influence on the spherulite morphology of PHT crystallized at 100 °C, in which the dendritic morphology corresponding to the β-crystal of PHT changes to the ring-banded in the blend with higher than 50 wt% PHepT. In blends of PHT/PHepT one-step crystallized at 60 °C, PHepT is located in both PHT interlamellar and interfibrillar region analyzed using SAXS, which further manifests the miscibility between PHT and PHepT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry