Traditional immunosensors are often limited by low sensitivity and long detection times, for they usually depend on passive diffusion-dominated transport of target analytes for the binding reaction with a bio-recognition element such as enzymes, antibodies, and aptamers. Numerous studies rely on electric field manipulation by using alternating current (AC) electrokinetics to enhance the hybridization rate and reduce the hybridization time for faster and more efficient detection. This study demonstrated a rapid electrochemical aptasensor integrated with an AC electroosmotic (ACEO) flow phenomenon for the enhanced target hybridization of microRNA-155 (miR-155). Optimization of the electrokinetic conditions for target collection resulted in a saturation point after 75 s miR-155 was detected within the range of 1 aM–10 pM with a detection limit of 1 aM, which is 100 times lower and about 50 times faster compared with the conventional diffusion-dependent detection done for 1 h. The detection was also done in spiked serum samples, and a concentration range within the required detection range was obtained. The highly sensitive and specific results allow for the rapid and real-time sensing of target biomarkers, which can be used for the early detection of infection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering