An ant-nest-like cathode substrate for lithium-sulfur batteries with practical cell fabrication parameters

Ran Yu, Sheng Heng Chung, Chun Hua Chen, Arumugam Manthiram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrochemical performances of lithium-sulfur batteries have received much progress in recent years. However, their practical deployment encounters challenges with respect to optimizing the cell-fabrication parameters (e.g., amounts of the active material and electrolyte). We present here an “ant-nest-like” cathode substrate with unique architecture to synchronously attain high electrochemical performance and necessary cell-fabrication parameters. The cells with a high sulfur loading (11.5 mg cm−2), a high sulfur content (75 wt%), and a low electrolyte/sulfur ratio (9 μL mg−1) display a high areal capacity and energy density of, respectively, 7 mA h cm−2 and 14 mW h cm−2 with a capacity retention of 70% after 150 cycles. Moreover, the cells exhibit a low self-discharge behavior with a low self-discharge constant of 0.0013 per day and a long rest period of one month. These dynamic and static electrochemical stabilities are attributed to the ant-nest-like structure and low surface area of the cathode substrate that allows, respectively, the accommodation and encapsulation of a high amount of active material and reduces the consumption of electrolyte.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-499
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy Storage Materials
Volume18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 1

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Sulfur
Electrolytes
Cathodes
Fabrication
Substrates
Encapsulation
Lithium sulfur batteries

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "Electrochemical performances of lithium-sulfur batteries have received much progress in recent years. However, their practical deployment encounters challenges with respect to optimizing the cell-fabrication parameters (e.g., amounts of the active material and electrolyte). We present here an “ant-nest-like” cathode substrate with unique architecture to synchronously attain high electrochemical performance and necessary cell-fabrication parameters. The cells with a high sulfur loading (11.5 mg cm−2), a high sulfur content (75 wt{\%}), and a low electrolyte/sulfur ratio (9 μL mg−1) display a high areal capacity and energy density of, respectively, 7 mA h cm−2 and 14 mW h cm−2 with a capacity retention of 70{\%} after 150 cycles. Moreover, the cells exhibit a low self-discharge behavior with a low self-discharge constant of 0.0013 per day and a long rest period of one month. These dynamic and static electrochemical stabilities are attributed to the ant-nest-like structure and low surface area of the cathode substrate that allows, respectively, the accommodation and encapsulation of a high amount of active material and reduces the consumption of electrolyte.",
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An ant-nest-like cathode substrate for lithium-sulfur batteries with practical cell fabrication parameters. / Yu, Ran; Chung, Sheng Heng; Chen, Chun Hua; Manthiram, Arumugam.

In: Energy Storage Materials, Vol. 18, 01.03.2019, p. 491-499.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Electrochemical performances of lithium-sulfur batteries have received much progress in recent years. However, their practical deployment encounters challenges with respect to optimizing the cell-fabrication parameters (e.g., amounts of the active material and electrolyte). We present here an “ant-nest-like” cathode substrate with unique architecture to synchronously attain high electrochemical performance and necessary cell-fabrication parameters. The cells with a high sulfur loading (11.5 mg cm−2), a high sulfur content (75 wt%), and a low electrolyte/sulfur ratio (9 μL mg−1) display a high areal capacity and energy density of, respectively, 7 mA h cm−2 and 14 mW h cm−2 with a capacity retention of 70% after 150 cycles. Moreover, the cells exhibit a low self-discharge behavior with a low self-discharge constant of 0.0013 per day and a long rest period of one month. These dynamic and static electrochemical stabilities are attributed to the ant-nest-like structure and low surface area of the cathode substrate that allows, respectively, the accommodation and encapsulation of a high amount of active material and reduces the consumption of electrolyte.

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