Electrochemical performances of lithium-sulfur batteries have received much progress in recent years. However, their practical deployment encounters challenges with respect to optimizing the cell-fabrication parameters (e.g., amounts of the active material and electrolyte). We present here an “ant-nest-like” cathode substrate with unique architecture to synchronously attain high electrochemical performance and necessary cell-fabrication parameters. The cells with a high sulfur loading (11.5 mg cm−2), a high sulfur content (75 wt%), and a low electrolyte/sulfur ratio (9 μL mg−1) display a high areal capacity and energy density of, respectively, 7 mA h cm−2 and 14 mW h cm−2 with a capacity retention of 70% after 150 cycles. Moreover, the cells exhibit a low self-discharge behavior with a low self-discharge constant of 0.0013 per day and a long rest period of one month. These dynamic and static electrochemical stabilities are attributed to the ant-nest-like structure and low surface area of the cathode substrate that allows, respectively, the accommodation and encapsulation of a high amount of active material and reduces the consumption of electrolyte.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology