An anti-fouling nanoplasmonic SERS substrate for trapping and releasing a cationic fluorescent tag from human blood solution

Kundan Sivashanmugan, Po Chun Liu, Kai Wei Tsai, Ying Nien Chou, Chen Hsueh Lin, Yung Chang, Ten-Chin Wen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In bioenvironmental detection, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) signals are greatly affected by anti-specific biomolecule adsorption, which generates strong background noise, reducing detection sensitivity and selectivity. It is thus necessary to modify the SERS substrate surface to make it anti-fouling to maintain excellent SERS signals. Herein, we propose a zwitterionic copolymer, namely poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-sulfobetaine methacrylate) (poly(GMA-co-SBMA)), for the surface modification of SERS substrates, which were fabricated and characterized spectroscopically. The copolymer was grafted onto Ag nanocubes (NCs) on an Ag surface with massive nanogaps via 1,2-ethanedithiol, which acted as a metal-insulator-metal (MIM) substrate. The high density of poly(GMA-co-SBMA) grafted near NCs favored the formation of connections between adjacent NCs, causing strong surface plasmon resonance at these junctions. With the zwitterionic-copolymer-modified surface, the adhesion of large biomolecules in platelet-rich plasma (PRP) solution can be effectively resisted, as determined from immunoassay and fibrinogen adsorption results. The SERS signals for malachite green (MG) in PRP solution (10 -6 M) were effectively distinguished using the copolymer-grafted MIM substrate. MG was deposited on adjacent copolymer-grafted NCs, which amplified the SERS signals. Moreover, the copolymer connected adjacent NCs, inducing the electromagnetic effect at copolymer-grafted surfaces, which improved the SERS mechanism. The hydration process restructured the MG-trapped copolymer-grafted surface, decreasing the number of MG characteristic peak regions and increasing that of the copolymer regions. These results reveal that grafting a copolymer onto an MIM substrate allows MG to be easily trapped and released in complex biomatrices and increases surface reproducibility due to anti-fouling, leading to high SERS enhancement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2865-2874
Number of pages10
JournalNanoscale
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 28

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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