An efficient micromixer based on multidirectional vortices due to baffles and channel curvature

Rei Tang Tsai, Chih Yang Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)


An efficient planar micromixer based on multidirectional vortices in a curved channel with radial baffles is proposed and examined in this work. The curvature of the microchannel and the radial baffles induce vortices in different directions. The multidirectional vortices and the converging-diverging flow caused by the baffles contribute together to the enhancement of mixing. The micromixer is fabricated with polydimethylsiloxane by a single planar microlithography process and the mixing behaviors are observed by a confocal spectral microscope imaging system to validate the simulation obtained by a commercial code. The simulation and experimental results are in reasonable agreement. The concentration distributions and flow patterns obtained reveal the following trends. (i) The mixing efficiency of the basic C-shaped micromixer with the first baffle attached to the internal cylinder and the second attached to the external cylinder is better than that of the C-shaped micromixer with inverted arrangement of baffles. (ii) When the radius of the curved channel and the width of the passage between the baffle and the cylindrical wall are small enough and the Reynolds number (Re) is large enough, an extra separation vortex develops in the downstream of the second baffle. This phenomenon is one of the reasons of trend (i). (iii) A micromixer consisting of a few basic C-shaped micromixers connected by straight channels may generate a high degree of mixing for the case with a large Re.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014103
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 23

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Genetics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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