An evaluation of thermal characteristics of bacterium Actinobacillus succinogenes for energy use and circular bioeconomy

Bo Jhih Lin, Wei Hsin Chen, Yu Ying Lin, Jo Shu Chang, Abid Farooq, Yashvir Singh, Hwai Chyuan Ong, Pau Loke Show

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Abstract

The thermal characteristics of Actinobacillus succinogenes (AS) from pyrolysis, torrefaction, and combustion are analyzed to evaluate the potential of this biomass as a renewable fuel. AS pyrolysis can be classified into four stages, and its main decomposition zone is at 200–500 °C. The solid yield of AS after 60 min torrefaction is over 60 wt%, and the torrefaction severity index map indicates that a high torrefaction temperature with a short duration has a more profound influence on its decomposition. The Py-GC/MS analysis of AS suggests that the volatile products from 500 °C pyrolysis are similar to microalgae-derived pyrolysis bio-oils. The combustibility index (S) of AS is 4.07 × 10−7 which is much higher than that of lignite coal (0.39 × 10−7) and bituminous coal (0.18 × 10−7), and close to those of biochar and bio-oil. The obtained results are conducive to the development of microorganisms as fuel to achieve a circular bioeconomy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122774
JournalBioresource technology
Volume301
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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