An experimental and numerical study on characteristics of laminar premixed H2/CO/CH4/air flames

T. S. Cheng, Y. C. Chang, Y. C. Chao, G. B. Chen, Y. H. Li, C. Y. Wu

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35 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of variations in the fuel composition on the characteristics of H2/CO/CH4/air flames of gasified biomass are investigated experimentally and numerically. Experimental measurements and numerical simulations of the flame front position and temperature are performed in the premixed stoichiometric H2/CO/CH4/air opposed-jet flames with various H2 and CO contents in the fuel. The adiabatic flame temperatures and laminar burning velocities are calculated using the EQUIL and PREMIX codes of Chemkin collection 3.5, respectively. Whereas the flame structures of the laminar premixed stoichiometric H2/CO/CH 4/air opposed-jet flames are simulated using the OPPDIF package with the GRI-Mech 3.0 chemical kinetic mechanisms and detailed transport properties. The measured flame front position and temperature of the stoichiometric H 2/CO/CH4/air opposed-jet flames are closely predicted by the numerical calculations. Detailed analysis of the calculated chemical kinetic structures reveals that the reaction rate of reactions (R38), (R46), and (R84) increase with increasing H2 content in the fuel mixture. It is also found that the increase in the laminar flame speed with H2 addition is most likely due to an increase in active radicals during combustion (chemical effect), rather than from changes in the adiabatic flame temperature (thermal effect). Chemical kinetic structure and sensitivity analyses indicate that for the stoichiometric H2/CO/CH4/air flames with fixed H 2 concentration in the fuel mixture, the reactions (R99) and (R46) play a dominant role in affecting the laminar burning velocity as the CO content in the fuel is increased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13207-13217
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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