An explanation, supported by numerical simulations and analytical theory, is given for the harmonic cyclotron emission induced by fast ions in tokamak plasmas - in particular, for the emission observed at low harmonics in deuterium-deuterium and deuterium-tritium experiments in the Joint European Torus [e.g., Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 33 (1988)]. It is shown that the first proton harmonic, whose field energy amplitude scales as the 0.84 power of the proton density, is one of the highest spectral peaks, whereas the first alpha harmonic is weak. The relative spectral amplitudes of different harmonics are compared. The results are consistent with the experimental observations. The simulations verify that the instabilities are caused by a weak relativistic mass effect. Simulation also shows that a nonuniform magnetic field leads to no appreciable change in the growth rate and saturation amplitude of the waves.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Physics of Plasmas|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics