An implicit turbulence model for low-Mach Roe scheme using truncated Navier–Stokes equations

Chung Gang Li, Makoto Tsubokura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The original Roe scheme is well-known to be unsuitable in simulations of turbulence because the dissipation that develops is unsatisfactory. Simulations of turbulent channel flow for Reτ=180 show that, with the ‘low-Mach-fix for Roe’ (LMRoe) proposed by Rieper [J. Comput. Phys. 230 (2011) 5263–5287], the Roe dissipation term potentially equates the simulation to an implicit large eddy simulation (ILES) at low Mach number. Thus inspired, a new implicit turbulence model for low Mach numbers is proposed that controls the Roe dissipation term appropriately. Referred to as the automatic dissipation adjustment (ADA) model, the method of solution follows procedures developed previously for the truncated Navier–Stokes (TNS) equations and, without tuning of parameters, uses the energy ratio as a criterion to automatically adjust the upwind dissipation. Turbulent channel flow at two different Reynold numbers and the Taylor–Green vortex were performed to validate the ADA model. In simulations of turbulent channel flow for Reτ=180 at Mach number of 0.05 using the ADA model, the mean velocity and turbulence intensities are in excellent agreement with DNS results. With Reτ=950 at Mach number of 0.1, the result is also consistent with DNS results, indicating that the ADA model is also reliable at higher Reynolds numbers. In simulations of the Taylor–Green vortex at Re=3000, the kinetic energy is consistent with the power law of decaying turbulence with −1.2 exponents for both LMRoe with and without the ADA model. However, with the ADA model, the dissipation rate can be significantly improved near the dissipation peak region and the peak duration can be also more accurately captured. With a firm basis in TNS theory, applicability at higher Reynolds number, and ease in implementation as no extra terms are needed, the ADA model offers to become a promising tool for turbulence modeling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)462-474
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Computational Physics
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sept 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Numerical Analysis
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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