An instrumented wheel system for three-dimensional kinetic analysis of upper extremity during wheelchair propulsion has been designed and validated. This system allows the direct measurements of three-dimensional dynamic forces and moments on the handrim during wheelchair propulsion in a laboratory setting as well as in the field. Static loading tests showed a high linearity and little drift (coefficient of determination, r2 > 0.999). Under dynamic loading, the instrumented wheel provided the well-matched measurement forces and moments with the predicted values from the inverse dynamic method using video-based kinematic data (correlation coefficient, ρ > 0.97). The three-dimensional handrim forces and moments during wheelchair propulsion by a non-disabled subject were demonstrated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Physiology (medical)