In this work we developed an integrated microfluidic system for automatically detecting the ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) biomarker FXYD2. Dealing with ascites from ovarian cancer patients, capture of cancer cells, isolation of messenger RNA, and quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction were integrated into a single microfluidic chip and carried out on-chip automatically. OCCC is a subtype of ovarian cancer with a high mortality risk, and a high FXYD2 gene expression level was shown to be closely associated with OCCC. The lowest limit of quantification using a benchtop protocol of this system could be as low as 100 copies per sample. By normalizing the expression to a housekeeping gene, GAPDH, a simple cycle threshold ratio index could distinguish high FXYD2 expression cells from the low-expression ones. This developed platform may therefore facilitate future OCCC diagnosis and/or prognosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering