An intelligent system for fashion colour prediction based on fuzzy C-means and gray theory

Shih Wen Hsiao, Chu Hsuan Lee, Rong Qi Chen, Chih Huang Yen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


For design and manufacturing industries, to be able to capture the fashion trend is an essential factor that leads to winning a sale. However, colour predicting process in many organizations is not visible to the public. In order to provide colour trend to industries in advance, a predicting method is proposed in this study. In the method, the fuzzy c-means was used to separate the collected colour data, then the minimum mean-square error was used to place the similar colour clusters within different time point together and the gray model was adopted for prediction. In order to verify the prognostication of the system, four data announced by Pantone from spring 2014 to fall, 2015 were taken as the predicted samples and the colour for spring 2016 was predicted to compare with that in Pantone spring, 2016. The results show that the system has a high accuracy for predicting colour. The residual modified model constructed with the colour samples rearranged with MMSE has the best-predicted result that ranged from 83.3% to 99.4%. It indicates that the result obtained with the rearranged samples is higher than that without rearrangement. Besides, the accuracy of the gray predicted results with residual modification would be more precise than the one without residual modification. Moreover, the value of mean squared error is quite low, which was ranged from 0.000025 to 0.0277. Therefore, the current intelligent predicting system satisfies the criteria of capturing colour in trend for enterprises. Moreover, it enables industries to make decisions for selecting the colour trend.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-285
Number of pages13
JournalColor Research and Application
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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