The inverse design problem technique presented in this paper is intended for optimizing the shape of the gas channel at the cathode side in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). The technique uses the desired current densities located on a carbon plate near the outlet of the channel at the cathode side as a starting point. The desired current density distributions can be obtained by modifying the current density distributions of the existing PEMFC with rectangular gas channels. The geometry of the redesigned gas channel is generated using a B-spline curve method, which enables the shape of the fuel channel to be completely specified using only a small number of control points, thus applying the technique of parameter estimation for the inverse design problem. Results show that by utilizing the redesigned optimal gas channel, the total current of the PEMFC can be increased, and at the same time the phenomenon of saturated water accumulation in the channel can be greatly reduced.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering