An investigation of reading rate patterns and retrieval outcomes of elementary school students with E-books

Tsung Ho Liang, Yueh Min Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


While many studies have examined the capabilities of e-books to promote children's reading abilities, more extensive investigations of the related reading patterns and outcomes seem necessary before this technology is widely adopted. This study used a reading rate tracking technique to collect the reading rate data from 24 sixth-graders participating in six reading tasks. After each reading task, the students were asked to complete a retrieval test in order to assess their reading outcomes. Using a two-stage cluster analysis method, this study identified two different reading rate patterns, the Coherent and Fluctuant Readers, from 2,820 on-reading records collected by a reading rate tracking technique. The characteristics of the patterns not only represent the changes in specific reading rate related to different groups, but can also be regarded as the extrinsic indications of various reading actions or navigation strategies, and are thus somewhat associated with the retrieval outcomes. Moreover, this study also found that e-book reading is plausibly able to promote the student's retrieval as compared with reading printed books. Future research can examine how these patterns result in different outcomes, and thus further help teachers as they seek to guide students' reading of e-books.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-230
Number of pages13
JournalEducational Technology and Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Engineering(all)

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