An Open-Label, Randomized, Active-Controlled Trial of 8 Versus 12 Weeks of Elbasvir/Grazoprevir for Treatment-Naive Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1b Infection and Mild Fibrosis (EGALITE Study): Impact of Baseline Viral Loads and NS5A Resistance-Associated Substitutions

Chung Feng Huang, Chao Hung Hung, Pin Nan Cheng, Ming Jong Bair, Yi Hsiang Huang, Jia Horng Kao, Shih Jer Hsu, Pei Lun Lee, Jyh Jou Chen, Rong Nan Chien, Cheng Yuan Peng, Chun Yen Lin, Tsai Yuan Hsieh, Chun Han Cheng, Chia Yen Dai, Jee Fu Huang, Wan Long Chuang, Ming Lung Yu

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A 12-week grazoprevir/elbasvir regimen is highly effective against hepatitis C virus genotype 1 (HCV-1) infection. The efficacy of an 8-week regimen for treatment-naive HCV-1-infected patients with mild fibrosis has not been determined. METHODS: Treatment-naive HCV-1b-infected patients with mild fibrosis were randomly assigned to receive 8 (n = 41) or 12 (n = 41) weeks of grazoprevir/elbasvir therapy. The primary end point was a sustained virologic response, defined as an HCV RNA level of < 12 IU/mL, at posttreatment week 12 (SVR12). RESULTS: SVR12 was achieved by 87.8% of patients (36 of 41) in the 8-week arm and 100% (41 of 41) in the 8-week arm of the full-analysis population and by 90.0% (36 of 40) and 100% (41 of 41), respectively, in the per-protocol population (all P = .055). In the 8-week arm, a significantly lower SVR12 rate was observed among patients with a high HCV-1b load, defined as ≥1 500 000 IU/mL (79% vs 100%; P = .042), and among those with a baseline Y93H resistance-associated substitution (RAS) frequency of >15% in HCV nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A; 40.0% vs 97.1%; P = .004). Between-group analysis demonstrated that, among patient with a high HCV-1b load and a baseline Y93H RAS frequency of >15%, those in the 8-week arm had a substantially lower SVR12 rate than those in the 12-week arm (40.0% vs 100.0%). All 4 HCV-1b relapses had a Y93H RAS frequency of >99% at posttreatment week 12. CONCLUSIONS: Twelve weeks of grazoprevir/elbasvir therapy is highly effective for treatment-naive patients with mild fibrosis. A truncated, 8-week grazoprevir/elbasvir regimen might be applied for those with low viral loads or without a significant NS5A RAS frequency. CLINICAL TRIALS REGISTRATION: NCT03186365.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-566
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of infectious diseases
Volume220
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul 19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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