An osteoclastic protein-tyrosine phosphatase is a potential positive regulator of the c-Src protein-tyrosine kinase activity: A mediator of osteoclast activity

K. H.William Lau, Li-Wha Wu, Matilda H.C. Sheng, Mehran Amoui, Sung Min Suhr, David J. Baylink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study tested the hypothesis that an osteoclastic protein-tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-oc, enhances osteoclast activity through c-Src activation. The effects of several resorption activators and inhibitors on PTP-oc expression, resorption activity, and c-Src activation were determined in rabbit osteoclasts. PTP-oc expression was assayed with immunoblots and semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Osteoclastic activity was determined by the resorption pit assay; and c-Src activation was monitored by P-tyr527 (PY527) dephosphorylation, and in vitro kinase assay. Treatment of osteoclasts with PTH, PGE2, 1,25(OH)2D3, IL-1, but not RANKL or IL-6, significantly stimulated resorption activity, increased PTP-oc mRNA and protein levels, and reduced c-Src PY527 level with corresponding activation of c-Src protein-tyrosine kinase activity. The PTP-oc antisense phosphorothioated oligo treatment blocked the basal and IL-1α-mediated, but not RANKL-mediated, resorption activity of isolated osteoclasts. The antisense oligo treatment also significantly reduced the average depth of resorption pits created by rabbit osteoclasts under basal conditions. Calcitonin and alendondrate, significantly reduced resorption activity and PTP-oc expression, and increased c-Src PY527 with corresponding reduction in its PTK activity. The cellular PTP-oc protein level correlated with the resorption activity. Among the various signaling proteins co-immunoprecipitated with PTP-oc, the resorption effectors caused corresponding changes in the tyrosyl phosphorylation level of only c-Src. The GST-PTP-oc fusion protein dephosphorylated PY-527-containing c-Src peptide in time- and dose-dependent manner in vitro. In summary, (1) DPTP-oc is regulated in part attranscriptional level, (2) upregulation of PTP-oc in osteoclasts led to c-Src activation, and (3) PY527 of c-Src may be a cellular substrate of PTP-oc. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that PTP-oc is a positive regulator of c-Src in osteoclasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)940-955
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume97
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases
Osteoclasts
Chemical activation
Src peptide
Interleukin-1
Assays
Proteins
Rabbits
Phosphorylation
Calcitonin
CSK tyrosine-protein kinase
Dinoprostone
Interleukin-6
Phosphotransferases
Up-Regulation
Fusion reactions
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Messenger RNA
Substrates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Lau, K. H.William ; Wu, Li-Wha ; Sheng, Matilda H.C. ; Amoui, Mehran ; Suhr, Sung Min ; Baylink, David J. / An osteoclastic protein-tyrosine phosphatase is a potential positive regulator of the c-Src protein-tyrosine kinase activity : A mediator of osteoclast activity. In: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry. 2006 ; Vol. 97, No. 5. pp. 940-955.
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abstract = "This study tested the hypothesis that an osteoclastic protein-tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-oc, enhances osteoclast activity through c-Src activation. The effects of several resorption activators and inhibitors on PTP-oc expression, resorption activity, and c-Src activation were determined in rabbit osteoclasts. PTP-oc expression was assayed with immunoblots and semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Osteoclastic activity was determined by the resorption pit assay; and c-Src activation was monitored by P-tyr527 (PY527) dephosphorylation, and in vitro kinase assay. Treatment of osteoclasts with PTH, PGE2, 1,25(OH)2D3, IL-1, but not RANKL or IL-6, significantly stimulated resorption activity, increased PTP-oc mRNA and protein levels, and reduced c-Src PY527 level with corresponding activation of c-Src protein-tyrosine kinase activity. The PTP-oc antisense phosphorothioated oligo treatment blocked the basal and IL-1α-mediated, but not RANKL-mediated, resorption activity of isolated osteoclasts. The antisense oligo treatment also significantly reduced the average depth of resorption pits created by rabbit osteoclasts under basal conditions. Calcitonin and alendondrate, significantly reduced resorption activity and PTP-oc expression, and increased c-Src PY527 with corresponding reduction in its PTK activity. The cellular PTP-oc protein level correlated with the resorption activity. Among the various signaling proteins co-immunoprecipitated with PTP-oc, the resorption effectors caused corresponding changes in the tyrosyl phosphorylation level of only c-Src. The GST-PTP-oc fusion protein dephosphorylated PY-527-containing c-Src peptide in time- and dose-dependent manner in vitro. In summary, (1) DPTP-oc is regulated in part attranscriptional level, (2) upregulation of PTP-oc in osteoclasts led to c-Src activation, and (3) PY527 of c-Src may be a cellular substrate of PTP-oc. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that PTP-oc is a positive regulator of c-Src in osteoclasts.",
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An osteoclastic protein-tyrosine phosphatase is a potential positive regulator of the c-Src protein-tyrosine kinase activity : A mediator of osteoclast activity. / Lau, K. H.William; Wu, Li-Wha; Sheng, Matilda H.C.; Amoui, Mehran; Suhr, Sung Min; Baylink, David J.

In: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, Vol. 97, No. 5, 01.04.2006, p. 940-955.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - An osteoclastic protein-tyrosine phosphatase is a potential positive regulator of the c-Src protein-tyrosine kinase activity

T2 - A mediator of osteoclast activity

AU - Lau, K. H.William

AU - Wu, Li-Wha

AU - Sheng, Matilda H.C.

AU - Amoui, Mehran

AU - Suhr, Sung Min

AU - Baylink, David J.

PY - 2006/4/1

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N2 - This study tested the hypothesis that an osteoclastic protein-tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-oc, enhances osteoclast activity through c-Src activation. The effects of several resorption activators and inhibitors on PTP-oc expression, resorption activity, and c-Src activation were determined in rabbit osteoclasts. PTP-oc expression was assayed with immunoblots and semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Osteoclastic activity was determined by the resorption pit assay; and c-Src activation was monitored by P-tyr527 (PY527) dephosphorylation, and in vitro kinase assay. Treatment of osteoclasts with PTH, PGE2, 1,25(OH)2D3, IL-1, but not RANKL or IL-6, significantly stimulated resorption activity, increased PTP-oc mRNA and protein levels, and reduced c-Src PY527 level with corresponding activation of c-Src protein-tyrosine kinase activity. The PTP-oc antisense phosphorothioated oligo treatment blocked the basal and IL-1α-mediated, but not RANKL-mediated, resorption activity of isolated osteoclasts. The antisense oligo treatment also significantly reduced the average depth of resorption pits created by rabbit osteoclasts under basal conditions. Calcitonin and alendondrate, significantly reduced resorption activity and PTP-oc expression, and increased c-Src PY527 with corresponding reduction in its PTK activity. The cellular PTP-oc protein level correlated with the resorption activity. Among the various signaling proteins co-immunoprecipitated with PTP-oc, the resorption effectors caused corresponding changes in the tyrosyl phosphorylation level of only c-Src. The GST-PTP-oc fusion protein dephosphorylated PY-527-containing c-Src peptide in time- and dose-dependent manner in vitro. In summary, (1) DPTP-oc is regulated in part attranscriptional level, (2) upregulation of PTP-oc in osteoclasts led to c-Src activation, and (3) PY527 of c-Src may be a cellular substrate of PTP-oc. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that PTP-oc is a positive regulator of c-Src in osteoclasts.

AB - This study tested the hypothesis that an osteoclastic protein-tyrosine phosphatase, PTP-oc, enhances osteoclast activity through c-Src activation. The effects of several resorption activators and inhibitors on PTP-oc expression, resorption activity, and c-Src activation were determined in rabbit osteoclasts. PTP-oc expression was assayed with immunoblots and semi-quantitative RT-PCR. Osteoclastic activity was determined by the resorption pit assay; and c-Src activation was monitored by P-tyr527 (PY527) dephosphorylation, and in vitro kinase assay. Treatment of osteoclasts with PTH, PGE2, 1,25(OH)2D3, IL-1, but not RANKL or IL-6, significantly stimulated resorption activity, increased PTP-oc mRNA and protein levels, and reduced c-Src PY527 level with corresponding activation of c-Src protein-tyrosine kinase activity. The PTP-oc antisense phosphorothioated oligo treatment blocked the basal and IL-1α-mediated, but not RANKL-mediated, resorption activity of isolated osteoclasts. The antisense oligo treatment also significantly reduced the average depth of resorption pits created by rabbit osteoclasts under basal conditions. Calcitonin and alendondrate, significantly reduced resorption activity and PTP-oc expression, and increased c-Src PY527 with corresponding reduction in its PTK activity. The cellular PTP-oc protein level correlated with the resorption activity. Among the various signaling proteins co-immunoprecipitated with PTP-oc, the resorption effectors caused corresponding changes in the tyrosyl phosphorylation level of only c-Src. The GST-PTP-oc fusion protein dephosphorylated PY-527-containing c-Src peptide in time- and dose-dependent manner in vitro. In summary, (1) DPTP-oc is regulated in part attranscriptional level, (2) upregulation of PTP-oc in osteoclasts led to c-Src activation, and (3) PY527 of c-Src may be a cellular substrate of PTP-oc. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that PTP-oc is a positive regulator of c-Src in osteoclasts.

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