Analysis and modeling of hydrogen permeation through alumina membranes with finely dispersed palladium

T. C. Huang, M. C. Wei, H. I. Chen

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The α-alumina disk with 0.85 μm-thickness finely dispersed palladium was prepared by spin dipping. The fluxes of pure hydrogen and nitrogen through this membrane were measured at temperatures of 423-573 K and pressures difference up to 225 kPa. In the case of the pressure difference of 80 kPa, the ideal separation factor of H2/N2 increased from 3.4 at 423 K to 4.4 at 573 K. Furthermore, the effects of operating temperature and pressure on the transport behaviors of hydrogen through the membrane were analyzed based on the resistance model. The results demonstrated that the hydrogen permeation through this membrane was categorized into two regimes. About 41-58% of hydrogen flux was contributed by Knudsen diffusion in the temperature range of 423-473 K. Within the temperature ranging from 523 K to 573 K, the hydrogen permeance increased with increasing temperature. This is about 52-73% of the overall permeance and is attributed to the solution-diffusion mechanism in this regime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-349
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Chinese Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume31
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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