Analysis of Electron Precipitation and Ionospheric Density Enhancements Due To Hiss Using Incoherent Scatter Radar and Arase Observations

Q. Ma, W. Xu, E. R. Sanchez, R. A. Marshall, J. Bortnik, P. M. Reyes, R. H. Varney, S. R. Kaeppler, Y. Miyoshi, A. Matsuoka, Y. Kasahara, S. Matsuda, F. Tsuchiya, A. Kumamoto, S. Kasahara, S. Yokota, K. Keika, T. Hori, T. Mitani, S. NakamuraY. Kazama, S. Y. Wang, C. W. Jun, I. Shinohara, S. W.Y. Tam

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Plasmaspheric hiss can cause energetic electron precipitation from the magnetosphere to the Earth's upper atmosphere and affect the ionospheric electron density profiles. In this study, we use Arase satellite measurements in the dayside plasmasphere to model the electron precipitation and the resultant ionospheric response, and compare the results to the electron density measured by the Poker Flat Incoherent Scatter Radar (PFISR). We analyzed two close conjunction events between Arase and PFISR at L ∼ 6 in the afternoon sector, when Arase was in the outer plasmasphere and traveled into the plasmaspheric plumes. Modest or strong hiss waves were observed with amplitudes higher than 50 pT during both events. Quasilinear modeling suggests that the hiss waves could cause intense electron precipitation ranging from several keV to several hundred keV energies. The electron density profiles at 60–90 km modeled by the Boulder Electron Radiation to Ionization (BERI) model suggest significant electron density enhancements due to the precipitating electrons. PFISR simultaneously observed electron density enhancements during both events, and provided evidence for the electron precipitation at altitudes down to <70 km. The temporal modulation of hiss caused the modulated density profiles in BERI modeling, but was not evident in PFISR observations. The modeled altitude profiles of the perturbed electron density overall agree with PFISR observation. At altitudes below 75 km, the modeled electron densities are lower than the observation, suggesting additional high energy electron precipitation possibly due to low frequency (<50 Hz) waves or hiss wave powers ducted to high latitudes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2022JA030545
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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