Analysis of operating parameters considering flow orientation for the performance of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell using the Taguchi method

Horng Wen Wu, Hui Wen Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study has applied the L18 2 × 37 orthogonal array of the Taguchi method to determine the optimal combination of six primary operating parameters (flow orientation, temperature of fuel cell, anode and cathode humidification temperatures, anode, and cathode stoichiometric flow ratios) of a PEM fuel cell. The optimal combination factor is co-flow, a cell temperature of 333 K, an anode humidification temperature of 353 K, a cathode humidification temperature of 333 K, a stoichiometric flow ratio for hydrogen of 2, and a stoichiometric flow ratio for oxygen of 3; and the amount of maximum power is 17.61 W. The results for the experiment indicate that flow orientation, temperature of fuel cell, and anode and cathode humidification temperatures are significant factors for affecting the performance. Furthermore, this study simulates the transport phenomenon and electrochemical reactions using a finite-element method at the optimal combination factor from the experimental results of Taguchi method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3621-3630
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume195
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Taguchi methods
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
fuel cells
membranes
protons
Anodes
Cathodes
Fuel cells
anodes
cathodes
Temperature
temperature
cell cathodes
cell anodes
Hydrogen
finite element method
Oxygen
Finite element method
oxygen
hydrogen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "This study has applied the L18 2 × 37 orthogonal array of the Taguchi method to determine the optimal combination of six primary operating parameters (flow orientation, temperature of fuel cell, anode and cathode humidification temperatures, anode, and cathode stoichiometric flow ratios) of a PEM fuel cell. The optimal combination factor is co-flow, a cell temperature of 333 K, an anode humidification temperature of 353 K, a cathode humidification temperature of 333 K, a stoichiometric flow ratio for hydrogen of 2, and a stoichiometric flow ratio for oxygen of 3; and the amount of maximum power is 17.61 W. The results for the experiment indicate that flow orientation, temperature of fuel cell, and anode and cathode humidification temperatures are significant factors for affecting the performance. Furthermore, this study simulates the transport phenomenon and electrochemical reactions using a finite-element method at the optimal combination factor from the experimental results of Taguchi method.",
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