Analysis of the Site Effects in the North East Region of India Using the Recorded Strong Ground Motions from Moderate Earthquakes

Manisha Sandhu, Babita Sharma, Himanshu Mittal, Prasantha Chingtham

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Site effect estimation using recorded ground motion is an effective approach to assess the seismic hazard of a region. Keeping the same thing in mind, an endeavor is being made to study the local site effects at different locations in the North East region of India through analysis of recorded strong ground motion data provided by Indian strong motion network. The data recorded at 25 sites from 37 earthquakes with a magnitude range (Formula presented.) 4.0–6.9 have been utilized. The estimated predominant frequencies ((Formula presented.) using horizontal to the vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) is well observed for various sites placed in various geological formations like the Precambrian, Tertiary and Quaternary Consequently, the pseudo velocity response (PSV) for 5% critical damping is estimated and compared with the regional geological formations, especially in the Brahmaputra Valley region. It is further noticed that the HVSR, as well as PSV, show a noticeable correlation according to the geological set up of the region for most of the sites, giving a clear idea about the site effect evaluation. Analyzed strong motion data also show the effect of non-linearity, which is an important parameter as it explains the inelastic behavior of the soil causing a reduced or non-linear amplification. Since some of the sites used in present work do not correlate with geology, the sites used for HVSR estimation are used to classify them according to the classical approach employing (Formula presented.). All the sites are classified in four different classes namely A, B, C, and D based on shear wave velocity in the upper 30 m. The outcome of the present study is being shown in the form of contour maps for (Formula presented.) and site amplification for various types of buildings in order to assess the seismic hazard and risk mitigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1480-1499
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Earthquake Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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